One Blood, a book by Ken Ham, C. Wieland, and D. Batten (see detail at bottom) is a creationist attack against “racism.” The burden is to argue that the biblical account of creation entails recognizing the common descent of all men, and that because of this common descent, all stereotyping, prejudice, or forbidding of marriage on the basis of race is misguided if not sinful. The arguments of the book may be divided into three main categories: (1) exposition of a model by which a literal reading of Genesis may be regarded as compatible with modern genetics, and (2) some scriptural exegesis, and (3) anecdotal and sentimental narratives meant to reinforce the anti-racism of the first two categories. As a bonus, the book even concludes (4) with instructions on how to get saved — presumably aimed at now-penitent racists.
The first category (chap 1-4) undertakes to show how in view of the science of genetics, it could be that the vast racial diversity of mankind can be explained in view of a single starting pair of parents (Adam and Eve) and could do so in a relatively short period, on the order of a thousand years. To jump to the punch line: Adam and Eve must have been mulattos. A simplified model of genetics is explained to show how the various distinguishing marks of the races could emerge naturally, and quickly, by separation into groups containing a subset of the genetic pool. The analogy is made to selective breeding of dogs from the common genus that includes wolves.
From this, the authors conclude that there are no races. Racism is based on the false view that races exist.
Since race does not exist, any view that presupposes that it does is not just erroneous but probably involves sin such as acceptance of evolution, or pride.
The second category (chap 5-7) continues the attack with shorter arguments from Scripture, focusing on the question of inter-racial marriage. Scripture gives a criterion for marriage that is color-blind, and teaches that inter-racial marriage is not sinful by virtue of the example of Rahab and Ruth in the genealogy of Christ, and the marriage of Moses. The curse on Ham or Canaan is not allowed to be invoked in this regard either.
The third section (chap 8-10) contains appeals to emotions — or perhaps more fairly, one should say, to moral intuition — in the story of some Pygmies and other anecdotes. This section adds color but need not be interacted with as to substance.
The remainder of this review discusses the most important specific arguments critically, gathered under thematic rubrics. These are listed here, and will be turned into hyper-links as each section is discussed — coming soon.
- Adam and Eve as Mulattos
- Libertarianism = Ham’s Trump Card?
- The reason for the incest prohibition
- Racism and Evolution
- Does Scripture deny the existence of Race?
- Racism and the H-word
- The “minor” extent of genetic difference
- Rahab, Ruth and the genealogy of Christ
- Moses married a Negress?
- Concluding remarks
Ken Ham, Carl Wieland, Don Batten. One Blood: The Biblical Answer to Racism (Green Forest, AR: Master) 1999